See voting systems to read about other voting and tally methods.
Voters select one candidate or option from a list of available choices. This system is used for a wide variety of election situations. For example, choosing a candidate for President, installing 3 directors to a board, or to determine the passage or failure of a bylaw amendment. Plurality voting is commonly used throughout North America for local, regional and national elections.
How the Results are Calculated
Single Vacancy Contest
The candidate, or options, with the highest percentage of votes among the counted ballots, is declared the winner. For elections with 2 or more candidates, a winning a majority of the total ballots is not required to win. For example, in a 3-person content, a candidate with only 40% of the total ballots, would still be declared the winner if the other other two candidates received 25% and 35% of the total ballots.
When running a multi-seat election the candidate with the highest percentage will win the first seat, the second-highest percentage wins the second seat, and so on, until all seats are filled.
For more information see Plurality Voting on Wikipedia